Among my most extensive projects have been the involvement and oversight of NCDOT's railcar refurbishment program. I have created design standards and specifications for railcar shops to follow as guidelines. The basic principle of the NCDOT program is to purchase heritage railcars (1950's and 1960's) and refubish them to like new condition to extend the useful life. We have proven this to be a much more cost effective option for the taxpayers as the purchase price and refurbishment of heritage cars can be about 50% of the cost of a new car. These cars go through complete stripping down to structure, receive repairs, and are outfitted with modern interiors which comply with federal regulations relating to wheelchair compliance, smoke and flame compliance, 8g loading compliance, and lighting level requirements.